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LG 512 ECD Fall 94

Winter 2012





DESCRIPTION: This course is designed (1) to undertake a study of the Old and New Testament texts and their cultural environments which bear on the roles and status of women in biblical history and, in particular, in the early church; (2) to reflect on a wide range of hermeneutical, historical and theological perspectives relevant to the issues of women and ministry; and (3) to formulate significant exegetical and hermeneutical implications and conclusions for the role and status of women in ministry and the church today.


LEARNING OUTCOMES: This course, through the lectures, discussions and assignments, should enable students to (1) understand the New Testament texts about women and ministry; (2) understand the historical and cultural situations in which these texts were written; (3) develop ability in interpreting these texts and the hermeneutical issues and debates they have raised; (4) see the nature of these texts as both human word and holy Scripture; (5) appreciate new ways of understanding these texts and inspire enthusiasm for these texts; and (6) to live in light of them.


RELEVANCE FOR MINISTRY: Fuller Seminary is committed to equality for women and men in all of its programs of preparing women and men for all forms of ministry. Yet the issues involved in this commitment and its implications continue to be widely discussed and debated throughout the church. This course provides a responsible biblical and hermeneutical basis for engaging these issues.


COURSE FORMAT: This course will consist of lectures and vigorous discussion. The course will meet for ten three-hour sessions. 1/6-7, 1/20-21, 2/3-4, 2/10-11, 3/2-3; Friday 6-9p, Saturday 9-12p.




Š       Galatians, 1 Corinthians 7-14, Ephesians, 1 Timothy NIV 2010 at www.biblegateway.com or Common English Bible

Š       Epp, Eldon Jay. Junia: The First Woman Apostle. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005. List price $17.00 ISBN 0-8006-3771-2

Š       Giles, Kevin. Jesus and the Father: Modern Evangelicals reinvent the Doctrine of the Trinity. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2006, pages 17–274, 306–12. List price $18.99 ISBN-10: 0-310-26664-5

Š       Payne, Philip B. Man and Woman, One in Christ: An Exegetical and Theological Study of Paul’s Letters. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009, pages 27–463. List price $29.99 ISBN 978-0-310-21988-0 available for $17.75 from https://www.linguistsoftware.com/orders/orders.htm

ON E-RESERVE (if interested, purchasing information available at FNW)

Š       Davis, John Jefferson, “Incarnation, Trinity, and the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood,” Priscilla Papers 24 number 1 (2010) 9–18, reprinted in pages 10-20 of The Deception of Eve and the Ontology of Women. Minneapolis: Christians for Biblical Equality, 2010.

Š       González-Tejera, Awilda. “Biblical Equality and United States Latino Churches” in Global Voices on Biblical Equality: Women and Men Ministering Together in the Church. Ed. by Aída Besanćon Spencer, William David Spencer, and Mimi Haddad. Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2008, pages 131–40.

Š       Hess, Richard S. “Equality with and without Innocence.” Pages 79–95 in Pierce, R. W., and R. M. Groothuis. Discovering Biblical Equality: Complimentarity without Hierarchy. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004.

Š       Kroeger, Caherine Clark, “The Classical Concept of Head as ‘Source’,” Appendix III in Gretchen Gaebelein Hull, Equal To Serve: Women and Men in the Church and Home (Old Tappan, NUJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1987) 267–83.

Š       Kroeger, Caherine Clark, “Toward an Understanding of Ancient Conceptions of ‘Head’,” Priscilla Papers 20 number 3 (2006) 4–8.

Š       Spencer, Aída Besanćon. Beyond the Curse: Women Called to Ministry. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1985, pages 72–81.

Š       Spencer, William David and Aída Besanćon, and Steven R. and Celestia G. Tracy. Marriage at the Crossroads: Couples in Conversation About Discipleship, Gender Roles, Decision Making and Intimacy. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic, 2009, pages 57–98.

Š       Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. The Woman’s Bible. New York: European Publishing Company,1898, I:7–13, II:263.

Š       Wright, N. T. “The Biblical Basis for Women's Service in the Church,” Priscilla Papers 20 number 4 (2006) 5 ff.



Š       Fee, G. D. The First Epistle to the Corinthians. NICNT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987, pages 699–708. List price $58.00 ISBN 0-8028-2288-6 available for $36.25 from www.amazon.com

Š       Pierce, R. W., and Rebecca Merrill Groothuis, eds. Discovering Biblical Equality: Complimentarity without Hierarchy. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004. List price $32.00 ISBN 0-8010-2904-X available for $17.20 from http://equalitydepot.com/discoveringbiblicalequality.aspx

Š       Piper, J. and W. Grudem, eds. Recovering Biblical Manhood & Womanhood. Wheaton: Cdrossway, 1991. list price $25.00 ISBN 0-89107-586-0 available for $16.50 from www.amazon.com

Š       Köstengerger, Andreas J. and Thomas R. Schreiner. Women in the Church: An Analysis and Application of 1 Timothy 2:9–15. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005. List price $26.00 ISBN 0-89107-586-0 available for $22.70 from www.amazon.com

Š       Scholer, D. M. Selected Articles on Hermeneutics and Women and Ministry in the New Testament. Pasadena: Fuller Seminary Bookstore, Sixteenth Printing, 2008 list price $ ISBN 0-0005-9971-9

Š       Willard, Frances Elizabeth. Woman in the Pulpit. Bonton: D. Lothrop Company, 1888. Reprinted Nabu Press, 2010. ISBN 1-1465-7307-3 List Price $17.75, available from Amazon $14.17. Free at http://books.google.com/books/about/Women_of_the_Bible.html?id=AigWAAAAYAAJ



1.     Two brief exegetical papers [4–6 pages each] on Gal 3:28, 1 Cor 7:1–16, 1 Cor 11:2–16, 1 Cor 14:34–35, Eph 5:18–33, or 1 Tim 2:11–15 [ 25% each];

2.     A major position paper [15-20 pages; this should clearly reflect the use of all required readings and class lectures] on the role and status of women in the New Testament and in the church today [50%].




RELATIONSHIP TO CURRICULUM: MDiv elective. Meets the Interdisciplinary requirement (IDPL).